Cultural program

Participants and guests of the event will have a chance to get acquainted with the activities of Bolgar Islamic Academy, as well as visit Bolgar historical and architectural museum-reserve, which was established in 1969 and is the oldest in the Republic of Tatarstan.

Bolgar historical and architectural complex is the world’s northernmost monument of medieval Muslim architecture, a unique and single example of Bolgar-Tatar architecture of the middle of XIII-XIV centuries. It has no analogues in the world as a valuable historical monument testifying to the disappeared states (Volga Bulgaria, the Golden Horde), the disappeared culture, way of life, and how: it had a significant impact during the X-XV centuries on the development of culture, architecture.

The territory of Bolgar historical and architectural complex is:

  • an archaeological evidence of the past that demonstrates human presence since the middle of the 1st millennium AD, an outstanding example of a type of construction, an architectural and landscape ensemble illustrating several significant periods in human history, an example of human settlement in the territory. The earliest monuments date back to the Mesolithic era. In the area of ​​the Aga-Bazar tract and the former Spepnoye Lake, a series of monuments of the Neolithic and Bronze Age were recorded. A number of finds date from the Early Iron Age. Late Roman coins were found on the territory of Bolgar settlement at different times.
  • a place of official adoption of Islam by Volga Bulgarians – ancestors of Kazan Tatars in 922,
  • a place of cult worship, a pilgrimage of Muslims to their shrines since the 16th century,
  • a location in the XIII century. the first capital of the Golden Horde (the headquarters of Batu Khan and Ulus Jochi) and the minting of the first Golden Horde coins under Berke in the 1250s,
  • a place associated with the stay of prominent personalities: at the beginning of the XIII century Bulgarian-Tatar poet Kul-Gali, in the first half of the XIII century Batu Khan, in the XVIII centuries Emperor Peter I, Empress Catherine II, Russian poet G.R. Derzhavin, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences P.S. Pallas, in the XIX century Russian poet A.S. Pushkin, scientist-orientalist I.N. Berezin, Tatar religious and public figure Sh. Mardzhani, artists brothers N.G. and G.G. Chernetsov, I.I. Shishkina, A.K. Savrasov, in the XX century the Tatar poet G. Tukay and many others,
  • one of the first places in the Russian Empire associated with attention to the problems of preserving and restoring monuments at the state level.

The cultural landscape has remained unchanged for millennia. The Jerusalem ravine has existed since pre-Mongol times. Bolgar settlement retains its borders, defensive structures in the form of a rampart and a ditch to this day. The borders of the village, founded in the 18th century, remain unchanged to this day.

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